It turns out, it's complicated.
"Our analysis in this paper has highlighted several possibly important patterns in gender-based inequalities in the four study countries [Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru, and Vietnam]. The most important of these is that there is no common thread that can be used to characterize gender inequalities across these diﬀerent countries or indeed even across diﬀerent dimensions of child well-being in the same country or across diﬀerent ages.
we ﬁnd no evidence of a common narrative of gender bias that is valid across all four countries and all dimensions; recognition of this heterogeneity in the patterns of inequality is, in our opinion, of central importance to eﬀective policy-making, i.e., policy-making that is targeted toward reducing the speciﬁc biases that do exist in diﬀerent contexts."From a new paper by Stefan Dercon and Abhijeet Singh